4 Steps to Food Safety at Home

1. CLEAN | Always wash your food, hands, counters, and cooking tools.

- Wash hands in warm soapy water for at least 20 seconds. Do this before and after touching food.
- Wash your cutting boards, dishes, utensils and counter with hot soapy water. Do this after working with each food item.
- Rinse fruits and veggies!
- Clean the lids on canned goods before opening.

2. SEPARATE | Separate raw meats and eggs from other foods, especially foods like salad that won't be cooked.

- Keep raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs away from ready to eat foods. Do this in your shopping cart, bags and fridge.
- Do not reuse marinades used on raw foods unless you bring them to a boil first.
- Use a special cutting board or plate for raw foods only.

3. COOK | Foods need to get hot and stay hot. Heat kills germs.

- Use a food thermometer make sure that food is done. You can't always tell by looking.
- a) Beef, pork, lamb (chops, roasts, steaks) - 145 F
- b) Fin fish - 145 F
- c) Ground beef, pork, lamb - 160 F
- d) Turkey, chicken, duck (ground and whole) - 165 F
- e) Leftovers and casseroles - 165 F

4. CHILL | Put food in the fridge right away.

2-Hour Rule: Put foods in the fridge or freezer within 2-hours after cooking or buying from the store. Do this within 1-hou it is 90 degrees or hotter outside. Chill foods to 40 F or lower.
- Never thaw food by simply taking it out of the fridge. Always thaw food:
- In the fridge
- Under cold water (change water ever half hour)
- In the microwave (cook immediately after thawing in microwave!).
- Marinade foods in fridge.

Balancing Food & Physical Activity

Maintaining a healthy weight is not easy! In a world full of quick fixes and fad diets, the emphasis is not about healthy eating. To keep a healthy weight, it is important to eat healthy and be active.

Eat a variety of foods

Choose a variety of foods every day; it is important to eat whole grains, fruits and vegetables, lean meats and low-fat dairy. All foods, including your favorites, fit in a healthy diet! Eat treats in moderation, keeping your serving size small.

Exercise Regularly

One of the most important steps in maintaining your weight is to balance what you eat and drink with physical activity. Older adults should incorporate aerobic activity, muscle-strengthening activity and balance training for those at risk for falls. Always talk to your doctor before starting a physical activity program.

Drink Plenty of Water

Drinking water keeps you hydrated without adding calories. Drink when you are thirsty, but try to drink more in hot weather or when exercising.

Eat Regular Meals

Eating breakfast helps you feel full throughout the day. Eating three smaller meals and a couple of healthy snacks may help you stay fueled throughout the day.